Rostov has a unique geographical location on the Don river and, thanks to Russia’s vast river network, has access to 5 seas – Black, White, Baltic, Azov and Caspian.


The oldest man-made landmark in Rostov is the Liventsovskaya fortress, built around five thousand years ago. It’s considered to be the oldest fortification in Europe.


Rostov-on-Don is notable for the largest cemetery in Europe – the Severnoye cemetery occupies more than three hundred fifty five hectares and contains about four hundred thousand graves.


It is believed that Rostov-on-Don inspired Russian poet and author Alexander Pushkin to write The Captain’s Daughter, a historical novel about Pugachev Rebellion. The fortress described in the novel is very similar to that in Rostov.


In 1848, Rostov-on-Don was famous throughout Russia for its red-light district. By the order of the emperor, dozens of brothels concentrated around Bardakovskaya Street. Now, it is Ulitsa Vostochnaya and it has lost its debauchery flair a hundred years ago.


The Rostov Zoo is the largest in Russia and one of the best in terms of living conditions for animals. It occupies a vast territory of 56 hectares and is committed to keeping animals healthy and happy.