As Russia’s capital, Moscow is the starting and transit point to all other cities within Russia, in addition to being the final destination for those actually headed for the capital of course. Wherever it is you are travelling to within the country, chances are high that one of Moscow airports will be your transit stop. Travelers have four main airports and one business aviation hub to choose from. All of them compete for international and domestic destinations and the best you can do is plan ahead and pick an airport that’s suits your agenda.
Located to the southeast of Moscow, Domodedovo airport services 82 airlines with flights to 247 destinations. It’s the busiest hub in terms of traffic vs floor space, with 30 mln passenger annual traffic. That is why the medium-sized terminal with 22 jetways is usually crowded but easy to navigate. Terminal 2, to be completed by the end of 2018, will shoulder international flights. Currently, both domestic and international flights operate from the same terminal.
The airport is conveniently connected to the city center by Aeroexpress. The fare is ≈7$ and the trip to the Paveletskaya metro station takes 45 mins. The train leaves every 30 minutes. Make sure to check our photo guide to know how to connect Wi-Fi, know more about facilities, Aeroexpress, taxis and more.
Sheremetyevo airport has the largest traffic and best customer service in Russia. This is quite impressive given the 3500 passengers passing through every hour, 206 destinations serviced, and 4 huge interconnecting terminals! Terminal B was built anew for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. Terminals D, E, F are connected by skybridges, but do note that it may take up to 15 mins to walk from one terminal to another. It’s great for long layovers and not so much for short connections that require changing terminals.
You can get to and from the airport via Aeroexpress that will take you from the airport to the centrally located Belorusskiy train station in 30 minutes. The train leaves every 30 minutes.
The Vnukovo airport was built considerably later than Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo, so it still has that newbie aura about it. It is a lot smaller than Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo, but it is well organised and efficiently operating both international and domestic flights. Vnukovo is a hub for many low-cost carriers, as well as the presidential aircraft Ilyushin Il-96. It serves 173 regular and charter destinations and numerous business flights.
Aeroexpress cruises between Vnukovo and the Kiyevsky railway station. Take note that the high speed train only leaves once every hour, so plan well, lest you end up waiting for an hour for the next train.
Inaugurated in 2016, Zhukovsky international airport is the youngest and smallest in Moscow, but has already declared the traffic of 2 million passengers per year. Planes arrive from Analya, Baku, Minsk, Bishkek, Osh, Dushanbe, Guangzhou, Xi’an, Simferopol and Rome. Seasonal charter flights are available to Tunisia, Turkey and Israel. The airport is located 38 km southeast of the city center, and the easiest way to get there is to take the bus 441Э from Kotelniki metro station (exit 5). Fare is ≈2$, travel time 40-50 mins. The Zhukovsky airfield hosts the biennial MAKS Airshow — a signature event of the Russian aviation industry.
Ostafyevo is a civil and military aerodrome operated jointly by the Russian Ministry of Defense and Gazpromavia. Having no regular flights, it caters to business aviation for those looking for privacy, courteous service and above all, a speedy transfer. In Ostafyevo, they are able to professionally arrange any international and domestic journey by a private jet, starting from confirming the slot to choosing wines for the posh dinner onboard.