The State Historical Museum of Russia

A unique museum treasury and a famous Moscow iconic building, the State Historical Museum of Russia has 40 exhibit halls and many more storerooms with artefacts from various epochs dating as the Stone Age, including the most ancient ones dating back to the 3000 BC, and to the reign of the last Russian Tsar Nickolas II. The museum includes the main building on the Red Square, the Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812, St. Basil’s Cathedral and the Chambers of the Romanov Boyars on Varvarka street.

The Historical Museum on the Red Square

Designed before the 1917 Russian Revolution by the most talented artists and architects, the main building (1 Krasnaya Ploshchad) is a true icon of Moscow, with each hall being a real work of art. The interior is richly decorated: the walls and ceilings are painted with frescoes and pictures (like those of the Stone Age life created by Victor Vasnetsov) and other décor elements inspired by the design of major Russian and Byzantine cathedrals.

Fun fact: The showroom of Ivan the Terrible exhibits a copy of the ‘Royal place’ – a richly carved tent with columns and a royal throne inside, used by Russian tsars to hide from the public eye during religious services; the original is kept in the Kremlin.

 

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Публикация от Исторический музей (@state_historical_museum)

St. Basil’s Cathedral

One of Seven Wonders of Russia, St. Basil’s Cathedral (a.k.a Pokrovsky Cathedral, located at 7 Krasnaya Ploshchad) is sometimes nicknamed the ‘gingerbread house’ for its bright and jolly look. Built in 1561, it’s still in excellent condition, with great 16th century murals and incredible ancient iconostases, a collection of bells, landscapes and portraits, first Russian printed books and weapons of the times of Ivan the Terrible.

Fun fact 1: Here, the original bricks of the 16th century are wearing out considerable more slowly than those used by restorers.

Fun fact 2: It is not just a museum, but also a functioning Orthodox church, with services held every Sunday and the second day of the Easter week.

 

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Публикация от Александр Липин (@lipin.alexandr)

Museum of the Patriotic War of 1812

An ideal place for military history fans, this part of the State Historical Museum (Bld.1, 2 Ploshchad Revolutsii) exhibits military uniforms, medals, awards, manifestos, orders and weapons of both Russian and Napoleon armies and other interesting artefacts dating back to the Napoleon war with Russia, including Napoleon’s camp bed and sleighs, a strand of his hair, as well as candles illuminating the moment of Napoleon’s renunciation. As for his counterpart Kutuzov, the museum keeps his marching samovar, a briefcase, cutlery, an icon, a medal ribbon and a telescope.

Fun fact: This museum exhibits the field kitchen of the Napoleonic army, which is the only one preserved in the world.

 

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Публикация от Start Russia with Yulia 💙 (@startrussia)

The Chambers of the Romanov Boyars

This branch of the museum (10 Ulitsa varvarka) is highly original and authentic, completely immersing visitors into the everyday boyar life of the 16th century. The walls here are upholstered in brocade or leather and decorated with the coats of arms and monograms of the Romanov family. Each room has a particular function and reflects a certain aspect of everyday life – there is a fratery (ancient version of a dining-room), where boyars used to have their feasts, a maiden’s room for unmarried boyar girls, a study for work and education, a so-called bright room (svetlitsa) where married women used to live, a library, reflecting upon the dawn of printing in Russia, and other household chambers. The rooms are filled with genuine 16-17th century silver dishes, children’s toys, engravings, books, icons, weapons, furniture, fabrics, ornaments, and chests.

Fun fact 1: This is the house where the first wife of Ivan the Terrible and the tsar Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov were born.

Fun fact 2: Some believe that it was here that the famous Russian artist Ilya Repin created his picture ‘Ivan the Terrible and His Son Ivan’.

 

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Публикация от Olesya (@mrs_vernova)

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