The 5th largest city with over 1.2 million citizens, Nizhniy Novgorod is settled at the confluence of Oka and Volga rivers. Historically a major industrial and merchant center, Nizhny Novgorod is home to over 600 unique historic, architectural and cultural memorials and sights like the Kremlin and the charming wooden 19th century estates; the pedestrian Pokrovka street — in itself an open air museum of architecture and the grandiose Chkalov staircase – the longest flight of stairs on the Volga, running up right from the embankment. This lively modern city has one of the best transportation systems in Russia, including the cable car commute across the Volga river and one of the most up and coming gastronomy scenes.