10 things you didn’t know about Nizhniy Novgorod

1

It’s the only Russian city whose founder, Yuri Vsevolodovich, was officially canonized a saint.

2

The origin of the deer on the city arms is a source of many historical disputes, we suspect that this is probably because no deer has ever inhabited local woods.

3

It was the first Russian and first modern European city to equip itself with a sewage system. It was also the first Russian city to disinfect its water by chlorination in 1918, after a major outbreak of typhoid fever.

4

It was the first Russian city to launch a tram in 1896.

5

Due to the military objects that were built here in Soviet times, it was a closed city until 1991. This meant that Gorky (Soviet name of Nizhny Novgorod) was closed to all foreigners.

6

Its ‘Moskovskaya’ metro station is the widest in Russia.

7

It has the longest staircase in Russia — Chkalov’s staircase, with 560 steps.

8

Its Art Museum exhibits one of the largest paintings in the world — Makovsky’s ‘Appeal of Kozma Minin’, which is 6×7 meters.

9

One of its Orthodox temples — Alexander Nevsky Cathedral at the confluence of the Volga and the Oka — was built on a raft to avoid annual flooding.

10

Another Orthodox church is located in a railway car, making it the most famous church car in Russia.

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