Museums dedicated to the defense of Leningrad (now known as St. Petersburg)

The Second World War will always be a significant part of Russian history, especially for Saint Petersburg (former Leningrad). During the war the city survived the most destructive and longest siege in history, which lasted for more than 2 years. Many museums and exhibits are dedicated to these dramatic events, and here’s the list of most interesting and heart-stirring ones.

Museum of the Defense and Siege of Leningrad

Probably the biggest museum dedicated to this topic. It is the result of the joint  efforts of the war veterans, the residents of the blockaded Leningrad and their families – basically, almost by the entire population of the city! Most of the exhibit items are personal belongings. For those who do not know what the siege was all about, basically, the German forces completely encircled the city, cutting of all supplies, including food and water, and cutting off all access to the city. No one could get in or out. Many starved to death, and there were tales of cannibalism and ‘mercy killings’, where children and infants were ‘put out of their misery’ because the parents could not watch them starve to death. It was a dark time in the city’s history. The museum shows the everyday life and resistance in the encircled city: how the food distribution was organized, how the transportation worked, how the volunteer army was formed.

Currently, the museum is closed for major renovation, and will reopen in 2019.

Address: 9 Solyanoi Pereulok
Hours: 10 AM – 5 PM, Wednesday 12:30 PM – 9 PM
Admission price: ≈$5

 

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Публикация от Туроператор Музыка Путешествий (@musicvoyages)

The «Narodovolets» (Populist) D-2 Submarine

The memorial museum tells the story of the submariners and their acts of heroism during the war. The outlook of the submarine was restored as it had been at those times, so you can find out more about the layout, machinery and armament of the boat as well.

Address: 10 Shkipersky Protok
Hours: 11 AM – 6 PM, Monday, Tuesday – day-off
Admission price: ≈$9

 

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Публикация от Marat Ka (@maratfilm)

The Museum of Bread

Aside of the exhibitions covering the history of production, sale and consumption of bread in Russia, there’s an exhibit telling the story of bread during the crisis times. During the blockade, rations consisted of bread. At first it was 125 grams of bread per person, but this was not enough and people were dying in droves (50 000 people died of hunger in December of 1941 alone). The rations were eventually increased to 350 grams for the workers and 200 grams for all other citizens. Perhaps this is also why bread is such  significant part of Russian culture and history, because at some point, it’s what kept people alive. The museum features bread distribution cards and, most importantly, the food ration for one person and the ingredients it was made of (there was not enough flour, so substitutes such as tree branches, leaves and hydro cellulite had to be introduced to make bread). It’s something to see with your own eyes to make sure history never repeats itself in this case.

Address: 2 Ulitsa Mikhaikova
Hours: 10 AM – 6 PM, Sunday, Monday – day-off
Admission price: ≈$3

 

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Публикация от Lily (@lilypulen)

The Museum of Russian Submarine Forces

Another museum dedicated to the history of the Russian naval forces, also covering the World War II times. It has a huge collection of items and displays the content following the history of the navy; submarine models, and the real equipment used on the boats.

Address: 83/1 Kondratevsky Prospect
Hours: Wednesday-Thursday 10:30 AM – 6 PM, Friday 10:30 AM – 5 PM, Saturday-Sunday 11 AM – 5 PM, Monday, Tuesday – day-off
Admission price: ≈$3

 

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Публикация от МИПСР им. А.И. Маринеско (@mipsrm)

The «Breach» Museum Preserve

Located on the outskirts of Saint Petersburg, in the place where ferocious battles took place, the museum displays the authentic combat vehicles, found on the Neva River bottom. The diorama familiarizes the visitors with the details of the Spark operation, the key battle of the Leningrad defense, which allowed creation a land connection to the blockaded city.

Address: 2 Murmanskoe Shosse, Kirovsk
Hours: Tuesday-Friday 2:30 PM – 5:30 PM, Saturday 10 AM – 7:30 PM, Sunday 10 AM – 5:30 PM, Monday – day-off

Admission price: ≈$3

How to get there: bus from Ulitsa Dybenko metro station

 

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Публикация от XXZP. (@sekirabro)

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