Volgograd is a city that has some curious records and many important historical facts worth learning.
Volgograd hydroelectric power plant is the biggest in Europe.
It’s in the Guinness Book of Records for its 57-meter monument to Lenin.
It has the longest street in Russia — Prodolnaya Ulitsa, which is over 50 km long.
It’s the longest city in Russia, sprawling for over 65 km (while being 5 km wide at the most).
The Motherland Calls monument in Mamayev Kurgan (52 meters high without the sword) is one of the tallest statues in the world and the tallest in Russia and Europe.
The city was renamed several times, starting off as Tsaritsyn, then Stalingrad, and then Volgograd in 1961.
It was the first provincial city in Russia with a tram line. The Metrotram landed 4th place in Forbes list of the 12 most interesting metrotram routes in the world.
It was the only city with the population of less than a million people to build its own underground line, even though according to the rules back in the USSR, only cities with their population exceeding a million people could equip themselves with the metro.
During the WWII, it was almost completely wiped off from the face of the earth, with more than 90% of houses destroyed and only 32 thousand people of city’s 450 thousand pre-war population surviving the war. Volgograd is known in Russia by the name “Hero City”.
The Battle of Stalingrad — one of the bloodiest in the history of mankind, lasting 200 days, taking the lives of over a million of people on both sides and becoming the turning point of the entire war and human history took place in Volgograd, named Stalingrad at the time.